The cost of electricity for enterprises. Electric energy tariff

3.08.2022
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Energy tariffs for organizations in the commercial, non-commercial, and industrial sectors fall under the regulation of the National Commission for Regulation in the Field of Energy and Utilities. This company develops regulations for consumers. As a rule, the principles of calculating the cost of energy carriers differ significantly from those used in calculating prices for the population.

The Government of Ukraine regularly raises the issue of loyalty of energy tariffs for manufacturing companies, but it has not yet found support in the country’s legislation. In July 2019, there were global changes in the “life” of energy suppliers and their customers, at which time the electricity market began to work. In order to stabilize their own budget, most managers have started to look for new ways to develop, as the cost of energy carriers has increased by almost a third.

The new principles of operation of the electricity market in Ukraine pursued one goal, in particular, to reduce manual regulation of pricing. So why did electricity tariffs go up after all? This phenomenon is due to the fact that the Cabinet of Ministers made unfavorable decisions regarding the formation of tariffs. Due to the fact that low-cost nuclear energy was pushed out of the market, manufacturers literally had to fight for lower electricity prices.

The appearance of additional players in the market did not give the expected results, namely, there was no optimization of the pricing policy. But there are some good points in these changes. The actions of intermediaries and energy suppliers are now constrained by the norm for tariffs, which they must adhere to.

Features of electricity pricing

Currently, there are no uniform tariffs for domestic companies. What does it mean. In each region, local suppliers independently determine the cost of electricity for organizations. In addition, tariffs for industry are more dynamic than for the population. Since 2020, there has been a constant increase in the cost of energy resources.

All consumers are divided into 2 classes. The first class is represented by large companies that need electricity with a voltage level of more than 27.5 kW for operation. In this case, deliveries are made directly from the supplier. Other companies that have enough electricity to operate with a voltage level not exceeding 27.5 kW are classified in the second class.

Currently, tariffs and prices for organizations depend on the volume of consumption. In other words, the cost of energy carriers will be lower if you buy more of them. However, this feature of pricing cannot restrain the growth of tariffs. In this regard, the management of industrial companies began to take a more serious approach to energy efficiency, and they also partially transferred their costs to the end user of manufactured goods.

Of course, production companies do not want the rising cost of energy resources to affect their profitability, so they make various decisions that are not understood and supported by private consumers.

How do I choose a pricing plan?

To work in the new environment, entrepreneurs have to choose ways that will help optimize their own costs. For this purpose, you can use different tariff rates. What does it mean?

For example, a single-rate tariff is affected only by the amount of electricity consumed. In this situation, the company pays one tariff per kilowatt of energy, without taking into account the time of day. In addition, there is a differentiated tariff that allows the network to be unloaded during peak hours, and businesses can reduce their energy consumption costs. It’s no secret that many companies and small firms shift their energy consumption to night, so they can save money and survive in difficult market conditions.

At the moment, various schemes have been developed, broken down into time intervals. The application of differentiated tariffs will be possible if the enterprise has multi-tariff meters and automated energy metering systems installed.

The Government is convinced that changing electricity prices for law firms will help stabilize the economy and bring the country’s energy sector closer to international standards. Nowadays, the possibility of an additional breakdown of energy consumers is being considered, which will make tariffs for this type of resource as profitable as possible. In this direction, work is already underway to remove private firms, schools, mini-factories from the zone of formal responsibility.

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